A New Vintage


JOHN 2:1-11

Pastor Troy VanHorn



WHAT ARE YOU SEEKING?                


HEAD:  What did I learn?

(How did my understanding of God change, what thought, fact, or insight did I discover?)



HEART:  What did I feel?

(Does it match up with what God has said about me in His Word? Does it move me closer to Him or separate us?)



HANDS:  What will I do about it?

(Is there a sin to repent of and confess, is there an attitude to change, a behavior to stop or start?)




What is the craziest party you have attended? (Remember what is said in a group stays in the group!)



Even though Jesus’s mission and ministry was more important than the wedding feast-bride, groom, and entire family, he still performed the sign of turning water into wine. He honored the entire party with the sign. He blessed them, so they could bless others. The disciples were the real beneficiaries-they understood who Jesus is! How has Jesus blessed you so that you can bless others?


Why was Jesus at a wedding where there was wine served? Is it wrong to drink alcohol? If so, why did Jesus miraculously produce amazing good wine? Does this mean it Is right to drink alcohol? (Read Ephesians 5:15-21, 1 Timothy 5:22-25, 1 Corinthians 6:9-11) Note the comparison between being filled with wine and filled with the Holy Spirit. How does our modern understanding of addiction and alcoholism relate?


The jars for ceremonial washing were used for the new wine that Jesus made. What are some of the wrong ways people have thought they need to do to please God? How is the New Covenant better than the Old Covenant? (look at 2 Corinthians 3:4-6)


 John does not use the Greek word (δυναμις or dynamis-think dynamite!)for “miracle.” Instead, he uses the word (σεμιον-semion) meaning sign. Why do you think John would use the pointing of  ‘signs’ more than raw displays of power in ‘miracles’?


 Jesus said to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with you or with me?” This seems harsh to us today. A son, especially Jesus, ought not speak to his mother this roughly. But the actualy translation is much more respectful. Jesus has made a statement to Mary that he is not under her authority, but under the authority of God. This may seem difficult for some people, but our perspective of God’s authority is critical in our obedience and understanding of His right to govern humanity. It is ALWAYS better to consider, hear, and obey Him immediately and firstly!


The Old Covenant (possible symbolism in the ceremonial stone jars)was concerned with purifications, washings, and holiness before God. The New Covenant is grace alone, Christ alone, salvation for those who are lost and dying. The Old Covenant, or the Law, is perfectly fulfilled in Jesus Christ. What we are incapable of doing on our own, through obedience and conformity to God’s standard, Jesus provides “substitutionary atonement.” This means Jesus takes our place (substitution) in receiving God’s wrath at sin (propitiation) and makes it right with the Father (atonement). The new wine! (Another possible connection-Matthew 9:17, Mark 2:22)


ySuch is the confidence that we have through Christ toward God. zNot that we are sufficient in ourselves to claim anything as coming from us, but aour sufficiency is from God, who has made us sufficient to be bministers of ca new covenant, not of dthe letter but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but ethe Spirit gives life.

2 Corinthians 3:4-6


y Eph. 3:12

z [Eph. 2:8]

a See 1 Cor. 15:10

b Eph. 3:7; Col. 1:23, 25; [ch. 4:1; 5:18; 1 Tim. 1:12]

c Jer. 31:31; Luke 22:20; 1 Cor. 11:25; Heb. 8:8, 13; [ver. 14; Heb. 9:15]

d See Rom. 2:27

e [John 6:63; Rom. 8:2]

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