John 5:19-47

Pastor Troy VanHorn


ALONE & UNABLE                              


HEAD:  What did I learn?

(How did my understanding of God change, what thought, fact, or insight did I discover?)



HEART:  What did I feel?

(Does it match up with what God has said about me in His Word? Does it move me closer to Him or separate us?)



HANDS:  What will I do about it?

(Is there a sin to repent of and confess, is there an attitude to change, a behavior to stop or start?)



What has been the most awkward door-to-door  interaction you have had? Who sent them? BRIEFLY describe what happened. What made it awkward or difficult?



Many of the cults will say that they believe in Jesus, too. They will have ‘special’ information that they have been entrusted with. (It’s religious click bait!)


What does Jesus say ‘bears witness’ about him? Hint: Jesus says these four things Jn 5:30-39.


Thinking about Jesus, the Son, being ‘sent’ from the Father is a difficult thing. Jesus is ‘begotten’ or ‘generated’ from the Father. Jesus always was, always is, and always will be. God has ones substance or ‘ousia’ and two different persons of the same substance. (Not substance made of  matter or stuff. Because we already know from John 4 that the Father is Spirit and Truth.)

Have you ever been asked a difficult question about your faith in Jesus? How would you respond to someone asking you how Jesus and the Father are both God, co equal, and fully God?


 Jesus is fully God and fully human. This does not mean he was a human that was filled with the Spirit of God. It does not mean he was God that only ‘looked’ human. Jesus was present before the foundation of the world and put on flesh and dwelt among us. John 1:1-4, 10:30, 17:11, Phil 2:10-11, Mt 28:19, 2 Cor 13:13, Rev 5:9-14).


 One of the best kinds of evidence that Christ claimed to be God was the charge of blasphemy laid against him by his enemies (e.g., Mark 2:1-12). The forms of blasphemy of which Christ was accused include 1) claiming to be God (when they did not believe He was, e.g., John 5:18, 8:58-59) or 2) by claiming prerogatives which apply only to God (as in Mark 2:1-12). The fact that Christ’s enemies accused Him of blasphemy shows that, in His lifetime, Christ claimed true deity. The assertion of Christ’s deity was not a later creation of His followers.


Tertullian's Analogy for the Incarnation: Possession of Different Objects

Tertullian’s analogy for how one divine substance could be fully possessed by three Persons also works for the incarnation of Christ. How many different objects may one person own at the same time? A house and an animal may both belong to one person. What belongs to a person is his “property.” In Latin, the legal term for property is “substance.” The divine nature (all the attributes of deity) and human nature (all the attributes of humanity) are different “substances.” Those who have a right to possess property were called “persons.” So, one Person (Christ) possessed two different substances (human nature and divine nature), just as one person may possess (own) a house and an animal at the same time.



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